Feral swine are a harmful and destructive invasive species. Their geographic range is rapidly expanding and their populations are increasing across North America. Feral swine inflict
significant damage to property, agricultural crops, natural resources, and native ecosystems. They also represent a risk to domestic animal health and human health. Currently, the total
aggregate cost of damage caused by feral swine in the United States is estimated to be more than $1.5 billion annually, with more than half of this amount due to direct damage to agriculture. These costs are expected to increase as feral swine densities increase and their populations continue to expand across the country.
Currently, there is an incomplete understanding of feral swine ecology and demographics across the species’ range in North America. This knowledge gap hampers APHIS’ efforts to assess risks and manage populations of feral swine in the United States. To address this need, APHIS is working with the University of Wyoming to automate the analysis of remotely-activated trail camera (camera trap) images from multiple study sites as part of the National Feral Swine Damage Management Program.